12 to 15 years
2 to 8
Country of Origin:
On average, the male Border Collie measures up to 12 inches at the withers and weight about 15 pounds. The female usually measure about 10 to 11 inches and weigh around 11 to 13 kilos.
They have a double coat consisting of a short, dense, soft undercoat and harsh, wiry weather and dirt resistant, close-lying outer coat with nor curl or wave. The coat usually requires hand-stripping twice a year to remove dead hear. The top coat comes back about 8 weeks. They require weekly brushing. Others prefer the short hair, while others prefer the longer hair. The common coat colors are grizzle-and-tan, blue-and-tan, red or wheaten.
They are affectionate, fun-loving dog. They are brave, adaptable, and good with people, especially with children. They are reliable easygoing but have independent natures and like to make their own decisions. Although they love to chase small animals, such as rabbits, squirrels, they live in harmony with other household pets.
The Border Collie is commonly identifiable by their otter-shaped heads. They have a broad skull and short, strong muzzle with scissors bite. The V-shaped ears are on the sides of the head and fall towards the cheeks. They have few and short whiskers. The tail is naturally moderately short, thick at the base and tapering.
The Border Terrier takes its name from the borders between Scotland and England. Their intended purpose was to bolt foxes which had gone to the ground. They were also used to kill rodents, but they have been used to hunt otters and badgers too. They first appeared in the 18th century and have changed little since. They have strong jaws, to be well boned but not heavy and to have a chest with sufficient capacity but narrow enough to allow them back out of any earth they entered.
Today’s Border Terriers are still working terriers in the countryside, but in urban areas mainly family companions.
They are generally a normal and a very healthy breed. But some breed-specific problems are known to exist, and they occur in low numbers. The three biggest causes of deaths are cancer, old age, and trauma. Apart from cancer, the biggest causes of death are natural causes, highlighting not only that the breed is more likely to die of old age but also the tendency of the border to get into trouble through its inherent disregard for formal training.
Though sometimes stubborn and strong willed, the Border Terriers are, on the whole very even tempered, and are friendly and rarely aggressive. They are good with children, but may chase cats and any other small pets.
This breed is a family dog, and they should live indoors with their family and not tied out in the backyard. If they are, ensure the fence is high and secure. They enjoy at least half an hour of exercise daily such as walking and playing. Without exercise, they are prone to weight gain and boredom, which could lead to destructive behavior and lots of barking.
The Border Terriers are a willing breed who wants to please their family members. This makes the dog easier to train basic house manners such as housebreaking, walking on a leash, leaving garbage alone, leaving clothes and kids’ toys alone, not jumping on people or furniture, sitting, and staying and coming when called. They respond to positive reinforcement.
They are active dogs with a high energy level. They need plenty of play and exercise. This is a necessity for the Border Terrier to keep them happy and healthy.