11 to 12 years
6 to 10
Country of Origin:
The Golden Retrievers are medium-sized dogs. The male stands on average between 22 to 24 inches at the withers, while the females between 20 to 22 inches. The males typically weigh around 66 to 75 pounds, while the females can reach approximately 60 to 70 pounds.
The Golden Retriever has a double coat that is water repellent and weather resistant. The topcoat is firm, resilient, and can be wavy or straight. The tail and legs are feathered with linger hair. The undercoat is dense and soft in texture. Golden Retrievers come in all shades of gold, from light to dark gold. Some breeders have begun selling “rare white Goldens,” bit the American Kennel Club does not recognize white as a coat color of the breed.
They are a sweet, calm nature is the hallmark of the breed. The Golden Retrievers was bred to work with people, and is eager to please their family. They are the world’s foremost family pet and companion. They are sturdy, well proportioned, and are well known for their hunting capabilities on land and in the water. But like all dogs, the GRs must be well-raised and well-trained to make the most of their heritage.
They are known for their lustrous, golden coat of resilient quality and medium length. The GRs are a friendly, and highly intelligent. In general they are sturdy and well-proportioned dogs. They have broad heads with wide, but tapering muzzle. They have black noses, brown eyes, and pendant ears. Overtime this friendly breed developed different varieties namely the British variety, the American variety, and the Canadian variety.
Historical records during the development of the Golden Retriever were meticulously kept by the gamekeepers at the Guisachan estate of Lord Tweedmouth at Inverness-Shire, Scotland. Retrievers came into prominence when hunting was popular and game was plentiful in England and in Scotland during the early 1800s. The breed’s specification (medium-sized, and can retrieve waterfowls and upland games).
Lord Tweedmouth took a liking to a yellow-colored retriever, acquired it, and bred it with a Tweedwater Spaniel. Through an organized line of breeding over a period of 20 years, and by crossbreeding possibly with a Labrador, Red Setters, and Bloodhound, the Golden Retriever improved its scenting and added bone structure.
The GRs were officially recognized by the Kennel Club of England in 1903 followed by the American Kennel Club in 1925. They are the 5th most popular breed in the US and Australia and 8th most popular breed in the UK. In July 2006, the Golden Retriever Club of Scotland organized a gathering of GR enthusiasts at the ancestral home of the Guisachan House. A photograph was taken to celebrate the occasion and captured 188 Golden Retrievers in one picture. The picture holds the record for the most number of Golden Retrievers capture in one.
The Golden Retriever is generally a healthy breed. The average lifespan is 11 to 12 years. But like all dogs, they are susceptible to specific ailments. They are prone to cancer, hip dysplasia, Von Willerbrand’s disease, heart problems, and congenital eye defects. They are also prone to skin allergies that require immediate veterinary attention. Obesity is also common in the breed because they love to eat.
The Golden Retrievers are friendly, reliable, and trustworthy. They are loveable, polite, and highly intelligent. They exude charm and confidence. They are sweet, eager to please, and devoted family companions. They do not do well if they are left alone for extended periods of time, otherwise they will become mischievous and destructive. They are friendly to almost anyone and to the other family pets.
Since the Golden Retrievers shed profusely, they require daily and thorough brushing with a firm bristle brush. Daily brushing will get some of the loose hair out of the coat, keeping it from settling on your clothing and all over your house. They should be a dry shampooed regularly, and bathed only when absolutely necessary with a mild shampoo. Golden Retrievers love to eat, and they will quickly become overweight if overfed. Don’t overfeed them.
They thrive on obedience training, agility classes, and other canine activities, which are a great way to give your dog physical and mental exercises. The Golden Retriever is one of the easiest breeds to train. They excel in obedience and are popular therapy and service dogs.
The Golden Retrievers are active dogs who need 40-60 minutes of vigorous daily exercise. They enjoy sessions with their family, retrieving balls, and other toys. They will do okay in an apartment dwelling provided they are sufficiently exercised. They modartely active indoors, but they are at their best in an open area.