8 to 10 years
4 to 10
Country of Origin:
On average, male Rottweiler stands 24 to 27 inches at the shoulder, and female stands 22 to 25 inches. Females weigh in around 100 pounds, while males tip the scale at 115 pounds.
The outer coat is of medium length, lays flat, straight (a wavy coat is a fault), and is coarse in texture. The under coat is seen on the neck and the thighs. Coat color is black with tan/rust or mahogany markings. There are distinctive markings over each eye, on the cheeks, throat, the forelegs down to the toes, on the inside of the rear legs and on the under tail.
The Rottweiler is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, security and working dog. They are self assured, steady and fearless. Initially, a Rottweiler must learn its position in the family. They are usually tolerant of children, but parents need to make sure that any child is taught to treat the dog fairly and should be actively involved in the dog's education process.
The Rottweiler is a large and sturdily built dog. The body is muscular with a broad and deep chest, well-sprung ribs, a straight back, strong and heavy-boned legs and a tail that is often docked. The broad head has a rounded forehead, a broad muzzle, pendulous triangular ears and dark brown eyes. The coat consists of a rough top coat and a waterproof undercoat, and is short and close fitting. The coloring tends to be black with mahogany or tan markings.
Most likely descended from the sturdy, powerful, Mastiff-like drover dogs of ancient Rome, Rottweilers were named after the German cattle town of Rottweil, where these dogs managed herds for hundreds of years. In the mid-19th century, cattle driving became outlawed in the area, making the Rottweiler somewhat redundant. However, in the early 1900s they suddenly became popular police dogs and by 1924 the German Rottweiler Club was formed. Today, they serve time as both working dogs and beloved companions.
Rottweilers are one of the breeds most affected by hip dysplasia, a genetic deformity in which the head of the femur doesn’t fit properly into the hip socket. This condition can range from mild to severe. Severe cases are extremely painful and often require surgery to correct. Even with the surgery, the dog is likely to develop arthritis as he ages. Elbow dysplasia and osteochondrosis of the knee and shoulder also occur in this breed.
They are also prone to develop progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cataracts, eyelid deformities, and other vision and eye problems.
Mainly chosen for their ability to protect well, the Rottweiler is bold, confident and imposing, sometimes to the dog’s detriment. However, they can be shy, especially around strangers. Their ability to sense danger is very keen, and if they perceive that a human family is being threatened, they become protective and may attack.
Rottweilers require only minimal grooming, such as brushing with a firm bristle brush or massaging their coat with a damp towel. Bathe them only when necessary. They also need plenty of vigorous exercises.
The Rottweiler should have obedience training early on. Not only will the training will help them bond with their owner, and understand that the owner is in charge, but the training will help them become a tractable and lovable dog. Obedience training is also the foundation for participation in organized sports, which is immensely beneficial to the “Rottie”. They are a sensitive dog, and require a firm, fair leader who will train them with respect and rewards. Socialization is a critical part of their training as well.
The Rottweiler should have at least a large sized yard. They aren't really active indoors, so they need plenty of exercise outdoors, off lead preferably. This breed loves long walks and should have at least two long walks per day totaling at least two hours of exercise per day.